Revolutions took place in agriculture after independence in India

To increase agriculture productivity numerous revolutions took place in agriculture Way back 1960-70’s with the green revolution pioneered by Ms. Swaminathan. It was first scientific approach adopted use of fertilizers, pesticides etc.

  1. Green Revolution/ Agriculture revolution: In 1960 India started green revolution, according to this high yielding variety seeds are used in wheat, rice, maize. It was also called seed, water, fertilizers, pesticides technology. This experiment gave success and extended to most parts of the country. It increased the amount food grains enormously, with this India came out of PL-480 agreements, through which India imports food grains from USA. But this initially benefited only big farmers who can invest huge amount and to the areas have assured irrigation facilities only.
  2. White Revolution: Next revolution is white revolution in dairy sector came in 1970s, in this using co-operative in model farmers collectively increased the production of milk and India became the net exporter of milk. This has introduced in the new breeding technologies, high quality fodder, vaccination, veterinary facilities improved. With this supplementary income to the farmers increased and it improved the food and nutritional security of the people. Govt started Seri culture for production of silk, epi culture for production of honey etc.
  3. Yellow revolution: Oil seeds revolution took place from 1983-1986
  4. Blue Revolution: Development of fisheries in the country.
  5. Grey revolution: Revolution to increase fertilizers performance.
  6. Pink Revolution: is for onion production, pharmaceutical & prawn products.
  7. Silver fibre Revolution: Revolution to increase cotton production.
  8. Almond Revolution: is the revolution to increase the exports of spice products.
  9.  Rainbow Revolution: Recently govt started ever green revolution which focuses all aspects of agriculture pertaining to various products, it is also called as rainbow revolution. It also extend the results of green revolution eastern part of the country, it is a technology driven scheme.
  10. Blue Revolution: Recently govt is talking about blue revolution which increase the sea food production. With this fishermen community get benefited and also provide food and nutritional security. In poverty alleviation these scheme help to some extent but not fully because technologies that were brought by these revolutions are not accessable and affordable by our poor marginal farmers, moreover those are not viable in small land holdings, no marketing facilities and MSP. It improved food security, but still hunger is the major problem not because production problem but problem lies in distribution.

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